Kenneth Button, AM, MBA & Ph.D.

Senior Vice President Kenneth R. Button jointed Economic Consulting Services in 1981. Dr. Button is an expert in international trade matters and testifies frequently before the U.S. International Trade Commission and U.S. Commerce Department. He also specializes in preparing business valuation studies for corporate restructuring, gift/estate tax, and other purposes, as well as lost profits and damages analyses in commercial litigation. He has presented trial or deposition testimony before the U.S. Tax Court, U.S. District Courts, the Inter-American Commercial Arbitration Commission, Administrative Law Judges of the U.S. International Trade Commission, and the Indiana State Board of Tax Review. He has special expertise in litigation with an international dimension. Prior to joining ECS, he held positions in the U.S. Treasury Department and U.S. Commerce Department.

International Trade

Dr. Button assists both petitioner and respondent clients in antidumping, countervailing duty, and other trade matters. He testifies frequently before the U.S. International Trade Commission, U.S. Commerce Department, and the GSP Subcommittee of the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative. His international trade engagements have involved countries from all regions of the world and a very wide array of industrial and agricultural sectors. His analysis typically focuses on issues of import pricing and its effects on the domestic market and industry. Dr. Button is a past member of the Treasury Department Advisory Committee on the Commercial Operations of the U.S. Customs Service.


Dr. Button is an Accredited Member (AM) of the American Society of Appraisers (ASA) and has provided valuations in connection with:

  • Estate and gift tax (family limited partnerships and discount studies)
  • Corporate reorganizations, mergers, and acquisitions
  • Transfer pricing
  • Commercial damages litigation

He has valued businesses not only in the United States, but also in the following countries:

  • United Kingdom
  • Brazil
  • Mexico
  • Germany
  • Denmark
  • France
  • Venezuela

Damages Litigation

Dr. Button's damages analyses include:

  • Lost profits in a Venezuelan petrochemical joint venture
  • Cover costs resulting from breach of a supply contract for a steel product
  • Lost profits and other damages from breach of a supply contract for an imported food product

Industry Expertise

In his valuation, damages, and international trade litigation practice, Dr. Button has performed detailed analyses of a very wide array of products and industries, including:

  • Aerospace
  • Apparel
  • Automotive parts
  • Building materials
  • Compressors
  • Consumer electronics
  • Entertainment
  • Ferroalloys
  • Flat-rolled steel
  • Frozen fruit products
  • Industrial chemicals
  • Industrial fabrics
  • Magnesium
  • Medical devices
  • Off-shore oil platforms
  • Paper products
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Publishing
  • Refined copper
  • Steel pipe

Trial, Deposition, and Regulatory Testimony

Dr. Button has extensive experience in preparing expert reports and presenting trial and deposition testimony in a variety of types of litigation including the following:

International Arbitration

  • Inter-American Commercial Arbitration Commission: Expert testimony and report regarding lost profits in a dispute concerning a petrochemical joint-venture in Venezuela.

Tax Disputes

  • U.S. Tax Court: Expert testimony and affirmative and rebuttal reports regarding the valuation, for U.S. income tax purposes, of a UK auto parts producer and a UK construction materials producer.
  • Indiana State Board of Tax Review: Expert testimony regarding the value, for property tax purposes, of U.S. Steel's Gary Works.

Contract Disputes

  • U.S. District Court for Northern Illinois: Deposition testimony, report, and rebuttal report concerning damages in a supply contract dispute regarding a fabricated steel product.

  • U.S. District Court for Los Angeles: Expert reports determining damages in a dispute regarding the breach of an international supply contract for a food product.

Intellectual Property

  • Administrative Law Judge, U.S. International Trade Commission: Expert testimony, depositions, and reports regarding alleged trademark infringement in the importation and sale of "gray market" bearings.

Financial Markets

  • Superior Court of New Jersey: Deposition testimony and expert report regarding the determinants of the value of high-yield debt securities for a Thai steel company following the Asian financial crisis of 1998.

International Trade

  • U.S. International Trade Commission: Hearing testimony or economic analysis in more than 100 proceedings regarding a diverse array of products and industries.


  • B.A. from Trinity College, Hartford, CT.
  • MBA in Finance from the George Washington University
  • Ph.D. in International Economic and Political
  • Development Studies from the Fletcher Schools at Tufts University


  • U.S. Treasury Department's Meritorious Service Award.
  • Shell International Research Fellowship
  • Fletcher International Studies Fellowship
  • Beta Gamma Sigma Business Administration Honor Society
  • Pi Gamma Mu National Social Science Honor Society


  • American Economic Association
  • American Finance Association
  • National Association of Business Economics
  • American Society of Appraisers


  • A Layman's Guide to Economic Analysis in WTO Dispute Settlement Proceedings, paper presented at the 8th Annual Conference on Dispute Resolution in the World Trade Organization, Brussels, Belgium, June 24, 2005.

  • Transfer Pricing Considerations in Estimating Fair Market Value, with Jerrie V. Mirga, in Robert P. Schweihs, ed., The Handbook of Business Valuation and Intellectual Property Analysis, New York: McGraw-Hill Companies, 2004.

  • Quantifying Comparability For Applications in Economic Analysis: The Weighted Distance Method, Southwestern Journal of Economics, April 1997, Volume 2, No. 1, with Brian C. Becker. Also presented at the Southwestern Economic Association Annual Meeting, March 21, 1996.

  • The Peculiar Market For Commercial Property: An Economically Irrational Situation, Southwestern Economics Association Annual Meeting, March 23, 1996, with Brian C. Becker.

  • The Non-Market Economy Provision of U.S. Antidumping Law: When Should Transitional Non-Market Economies Be Treated as Market Economies?, Georgetown University Law Center Continuing Legal Education Division, Annual International Trade Update, June 1994.
  • The Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations on Subsidy and Antidumping Disciplines and the Implications for the U.S. Minerals Industry, a paper presented to the Special Institute on the Economic and Political Integration of Europe: New Opportunities for U.S. Coal and Mineral Exporters; sponsored by the Eastern Mineral Law Foundation, the American Mining Congress, and the Coal Exporters Association of the United States, January 9-10, 1992.
  • Status of the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations, paper presented to the American Mining Congress, Mining Convention 91, October 2, 1991.
  • The Identification and Measurement of Subsidies: Government Loans and Loan Guarantees, paper presented to the International Trade Workshop on Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Computations, Georgetown University Law Center, Washington, DC, June 6-7, 1991.
  • Subsidization of State-Trading Enterprise Production of Mineral Product: An Assessment of Possible Revisions to the GATT Articles and Subsidies Codes in the Uruguay Round of Trade Negotiation, North Carolina Journal of International Law & Commercial Regulation, Vol. 15, No. 2, Spring 1990.

  • The United States Canada Free Trade Agreement: An Overview and Assessment for the U.S. Non-Ferrous Metals and Forest Products Industries, Law and Policy in International Business, Vol. 4, No. 4, 1989.
  • Marketing in Egypt, U.S. Department of Commerce Overseas Business Report, 1978.

Click here to download Dr. Button's complete resume, including a full list of his expert testimony experience.

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